Eine Alternative zum Tierversuch in der Qualitätskontrolle von Erythropoietin
Hanne Zimmermann1, Daniel Gerhard2, Ludwig A. Hothorn2, Theodor Dingermann3
1 Roche Diagnostics GmbH, Mannheim (Germany)
2 Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institut für Biostatistik, Hannover (Germany)
3 Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
Korrespondenz: Professor Dr. Theo Dingermann, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie, Max von Laue Str. 9, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
An Alternative to Animal Experiments in the Quality Control of Erythropoietin
As an alternative to the current bioassay in normocythaemic mice a physico-chemical method was developed for estimating the biological activity of erythropoietin batches. Capillary electrophoresis was used for quantification of the isoforms and their substructures were further elucidated by N-glycan mapping techniques.
The analytical study was performed on a total of 40 batches of Epoetin beta® which were selected to cover adequate range of precisely established potency values. The relations between the biological and chemical parameters were statistically evaluated in order to identify suitable as covariates for prediction of the biological activity.
Among several alternatives a prediction model was selected and tested, which is based on the percentages of isoforms per batch and its degree of sialylation. This model is equivalent to the established in vivo bioassay in terms of accuracy but it is far superior in terms of precision. Further advantages emerge from animal welfare as well as from savings of time and effort. The question whether the prediction model already meets the requirements for replacing the bioassay according to the ICH guideline Q6B is discussed.
Key words Biologische Aktivität • Erythropoietin • Glykosylierung • Kapillarelektrophorese • Prädiktionsmodell • Tierversuch